The transfer of heat through the movement of air or liquid. It occurs when warmer particles become less dense and rise while cooler particles sink, creating a circulating flow. This movement facilitates the transfer of heat energy from one location to another. Convection can occur naturally, as in the case of air currents formed by temperature differences, or it can be induced artificially, such as in convection ovens or heating systems. Convection plays a vital role in various natural phenomena, including weather patterns, ocean currents, and the distribution of heat in the Earth’s atmosphere. Understanding convection is crucial in many fields, including engineering, meteorology, and physics.

In the context of a wood pizza oven, convection refers to the movement of hot air within the oven chamber that aids in the cooking process. As the wood fire burns and heats the air inside the oven, convection currents are generated. These currents cause the hot air to rise and circulate throughout the oven chamber. Convection helps distribute heat evenly around the pizza, ensuring uniform cooking. The circulating hot air helps cook the toppings and melt the cheese while preventing uneven cooking or hotspots. Convection in a wood pizza oven contributes to faster cooking times, improved browning, and enhanced flavor development. Proper convection management is important to ensure consistent and delicious results when using a wood-fired oven for pizza baking.