The process of heat transfer through direct contact between objects or substances that are at different temperatures. It occurs when heat energy is transferred from areas of higher temperature to areas of lower temperature through molecular collisions. The particles with higher kinetic energy transfer their energy to neighboring particles with lower kinetic energy, causing them to vibrate and increase in temperature. Materials that are good conductors, such as metals, allow heat to flow more easily, while insulators, like wood or rubber, impede the transfer of heat. Conduction plays a fundamental role in various everyday scenarios, from heating utensils on a stovetop to feeling the warmth of a hand on a cold object. Understanding conduction is important in fields such as thermodynamics, heat transfer, and materials science.

In the context of a wood pizza oven, conduction refers to the heat transfer that occurs through direct contact between the hot walls or floor of the oven and the pizza. As the wood fire generates intense heat, the oven walls and floor absorb the heat and become hot. When the pizza is placed directly on the hot surface, heat is conducted from the oven to the pizza dough, cooking it. The hot surface acts as a conductor, allowing the transfer of heat to the pizza, resulting in a crispy crust. Conduction plays a crucial role in achieving the desired texture and doneness of the pizza in a wood-fired oven, where direct contact with the hot surfaces is key to cooking the pizza effectively.