Catenary Arch

A catenary arch is a type of curve that forms naturally when a flexible and uniform chain or cable, under the influence of gravity, hangs between two fixed points. The curve resembles a symmetric U-shape and is defined by its mathematical properties. Catenary arches have been historically used in architecture and engineering to construct strong and stable structures, particularly in bridges and architectural designs, due to their ability to distribute loads and forces evenly along the curve. The shape of the catenary arch is such that it minimizes the internal compression forces, resulting in a self-supporting structure that can efficiently bear weight and withstand external pressures. Notable examples of catenary arches can be found in historical structures like bridges, modern architectural designs, and even in certain natural formations.