Barrel Vault

A barrel vault is an architectural element that consists of a series of arches arranged in a continuous, semi-circular or semi-elliptical shape, resembling the cross-section of a barrel or tunnel. This type of vault is often used to create a long, open, and unobstructed space in buildings. It distributes the weight and structural forces along the curved surfaces, making it a suitable choice for spanning large areas without the need for columns or other supports. Barrel vaults can be found in various architectural styles and historical periods, from ancient Roman architecture to modern designs. They are commonly used in places like cathedrals, train stations, pizza oven cores and enclosures, and other structures where a spacious interior is desired.